Eleven is the natural number following 10 and preceding 12. It is the first number which cannot be represented by a human counting their eight finger

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Doctors developed cognitive behavioral therapy as a method of preventing relapse when treating a patient with problem drinking. Later cognitive doctors adapted behavioral therapies to help individuals addicted to cocaine. Cognitive behavioral strategies stem from the theory that learning processes play a critical role in the development of maladaptive behavioral patterns. Individuals learn to identify and correct problematic behaviors by applying a range of different skills to stop drug abuse and to address other problems that often exist with it. Therapies for treating alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamine and nicotine exist. Cognitive behavioral therapy generally consists of a collection of strategies that aim to enhance self control. Specific techniques include: exploring the positive and negative consequences of continued use, monitoring oneself to recognize drug cravings early on and to identify risky situations for use and developing strategies for coping with and avoiding risky situations associated with the desire to use. A central element of cognitive behavioral therapy is anticipating problems and helping patients develop effective coping strategies. Research indicates that the skills individuals learn through cognitive behavioral approaches remain in use after the completion of treatment. In several studies, most people who choose a cognitive behavioral approach to recovery showed progress throughout the following year. Current research focuses on how to produce effects that are even more powerful by combining cognitive behavioral therapy with medications for drug abuse and with other types of behavioral therapies. Researchers are also evaluating how best to train treatment providers to deliver cognitive behavioral therapy.

Direct Primary Care

Direct primary care is primary care offered direct to the consumer, without insurance intervention. It incorporates various health care delivery systems that involve direct financial relationships between patients and health care providers. One niche variant of direct primary care is concierge medicine. Direct primary care can remove many of the financial barriers to accessing care when needed. Often, there are no insurance co-pays, deductibles or co-insurance fees thus avoiding the overhead and complexity of maintaining relationships with insurers. Under this model, patients may pay a combination of visit fees and/or fixed monthly fees, which grant them access to a set of medical services, including same and next-day appointments, both in the form of house calls and office visits. A direct primary care arrangement benefits from pairing with either: a high-deductible health plan, as direct primary care alone will not cover catastrophic health care such as most surgeries, a health savings account, or health reimbursement account as the associated tax-benefits can generally be applied to direct primary care and other medical expenses. Direct primary care practices do not typically accept insurance payments, thus avoiding the overhead and complexity of maintaining relationships with insurers, which can consume as much as $0.40 of each medical dollar spent. Direct primary care payments are over time, rather than in return for specific services, the economic incentives are such that the long-term health of the patient is the most lucrative situation for the doctor. Preventative care gains greater emphasis under direct primary care. Because the primary care physician compensation is better than it would be under insurance billing, doctors can afford to spend more time with the patient, rather than simply referring them to a highly paid specialist after a short consultation. Boutique medicine is a type of medical practice now found in many metropolitan areas across the country. Also known as, concierge health care, concierge medicine, or retainer medicine, the concept has come to represent a higher level of healthcare for those who want a more personalized relationship with their physician. This model has proven successful for those physicians who want to see a fewer number of patients on a day to day basis, thus allowing them to spend more time nourishing individual patient relationships.

Medical Device

A medical device is a product used for medical purposes in patients, in diagnosis, therapy or surgery. Medicinal products achieve their principal action by pharmacological, metabolic or immunological, medical devices act by other means like physical, mechanical, physio-chemical or chemical means. Medical devices are a part of medical technology. Medical devices include a wide range of products varying in complexity and application. The Food and Drug Administration recognizes three classes of medical devices based on the level of control necessary to assure the safety and effectiveness of the devices. Class I devices are subject to the least regulatory control. "General Controls" apply to all Class I, II and III devices. General controls include provisions that relate to adulteration; misbranding; device registration and listing; pre-market notification; banned devices; notification, including repair, replacement, or refund; records and reports; restricted devices; and good manufacturing practices. Class I devices are not intended for use in supporting or sustaining life or to be of substantial importance in preventing impairment to human health, and they may not present a potential unreasonable risk of illness or injury. Most Class I devices are exempt from the pre-market notification and/or good manufacturing practices regulation. Class II devices are those for which general controls alone are insufficient to assure safety and effectiveness, and existing rules provide such assurances. In addition to complying with general controls, Class II devices are also subject to special controls. A few Class II devices are exempt from pre-market notification [10]. Special controls may include particular labeling requirements, mandatory performance standards and post-market surveillance. The FDA holds Class II medical devices to a higher level of assurance than Class I devices, as Class II devices must perform as indicated without causing injury or harm to patient or user. Examples of Class II devices include powered wheelchairs, infusion pumps and surgical drapes. A Class III device is one for which insufficient information exists to assure safety and effectiveness solely through the general or special controls sufficient for Class I or Class II devices. Such a device needs pre-market approval, a scientific review to ensure the safety and effectiveness of the device, and is subject to all the general controls of Class I devices. The FDA classifies Class III devices as those that support or sustain human life and are of substantial importance in preventing impairment of human health, or which present a potential, unreasonable risk of illness or injury. Examples of Class III devices (which currently require a pre-market notification) include implantable pacemaker pulse generators and endosseous implants.

In the United States, substance abuse costs over one half-trillion dollars annually. Treatment for substance abuse can lower these costs. Studies show that drug addiction treatment can reduce associated health and social costs by far more than expensive alternatives, such as incarceration of addicted persons. Drug addiction treatment reduces drug use and its associated health and social costs. According to several conservative estimates, every one dollar invested in addiction treatment programs yields a return of between four and seven dollars in reduced crime, criminal justice costs and theft related to drugs. When bookkeepers take into account the savings related to health, total savings can exceed costs by a ratio of 12 to 1. Major savings to the individual and to society also stem from fewer interpersonal conflicts, greater workplace productivity and fewer accidents related to drugs, including overdoses and deaths.

Older Adult Addiction Treatments

The aging of baby boomers results in a higher number of elderly people and aging adults. Older adults with a history of lifetime drug use, plus different cultural norms and general attitudes about drug use, and increases in the availability of psychotherapeutic medications, may cause a higher number of older adults with substance use problems. Although no drug treatment programs exclusively target older adults, research to date indicates that current addiction treatment programs can be as effective for older adults as for younger adults. However, substance abuse problems in older adults often go unrecognized and therefore untreated.


Acne is a skin disease caused by changes in the skin structures consisting of a hair follicle and its associated subcutaneous gland. Severe acne inflames, but acne can also manifest in non-inflammatory forms. Common acne lesions are pimples, spots or zits. Acne is most common during adolescence, affecting more than 85 percent of teenagers, and frequently continues into adulthood. For most people, acne diminishes over time and tends to disappear, or at the very least decrease after the early twenties. There is, however, no way to predict how long acne can take to disappear entirely, and some individuals continue to suffer well into their thirties, forties and beyond. Most commonly, the face and upper neck regions are affected, but there may be acne on the chest, back and shoulders as well. Acne may appear on the upper arms, but lesions found there are often keratosis pilaris, not acne. Typical acne lesions are comedones, inflammatory papules, pustules and nodules. Some of the large nodules are cysts and nodulocystic describes severe cases of inflammatory acne. Aside from scarring, the main effects of acne are psychological, resulting in reduced self-esteem and, according to at least one study, depression or suicide. Acne usually appears during adolescence, when people already tend to be most socially insecure. Early and aggressive treatment of acne can lessen its overall impact on the skin and the self-esteem of a person.


Addiction Treatment
Alcohol Rehab
Drug Addiction Treatment
Addiction Goes Untreated
Addiction Treatment Medication
Addiction Treatment Medications
Addicts Use Drugs
Advanced Skin Products
Alternative Treatments
Alternative Treatments Capsular Contracture
Ambien Rehab
Asian Blepharoplasty
Behavioral Treatments
Behavioral Treatments for Adolescents
Blue and Red Light Acne Treatment
Body Proportion Surgeon
Body Proportion Surgery
Breast and Nipple Piercing Procedures
Breast Complication Treatment Options
Center for Substance Abuse Treatment
Centre Epiderme
Coexisting Disorders Addiction Treatment
Community Reinforcement Approach
Comorbid Drug Abuse and Mental Disorders
Comorbid Drug Abuse and Mental Illness
Comorbidity Diagnoses and Treatment
Comprehensive Drug Abuse Treatment
Conditions Improved by Breast Implants
Contact U11
Cosmetic Treatments
Criminal Justice Addiction Treatment
Damage during Other Treatments
Dermal Fillers
Drug Abuse and Mental Disorders
Drug Addiction
Drug Addiction Treatment Duration
Drug Addiction Treatment Effectiveness
Drug Addiction Treatment is Cost Effective
Drug Addiction World
Drug Information Results
Drug Treatment Categories
Effective Treatment Approaches
Effective Treatment Principles
Egyptian Jewelry
Elective Breast Implant Surgery and Alternatives
Exercise in Addiction Treatment
Facial Skin Care Products
Family Physicians
Female Drug Abuse
Finding Addiction Treatment Information
Fraxel Treatment
Gastric Bypass
Gastric Bypass Surgery
Hormonal Acne Treatments
Individualized Dependency Treatment
Individualized Drug Counseling
Insurance Protocols
Interference with Sentinel Lymph Node Mapping Procedures
International brand consultant
Laser Acne Treatment
Laser Treatment of Leg Veins
Long Term Residential Treatment
Male Breast Reduction
Minimal Scar
Naltrexone Blocks Opioids
National Alliance on Mental Illness
National Institute of Mental Health
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
National Suicide Prevention Lifeline
Natural Oils
Natural Results
Natural Skin Care
Nicotine Products
Nicotine Replacement with Behavioral Treatment
Non-Surgical Treatments Of Breast Implant Complications
Older Adult Addiction Treatments
Outpatient Treatment
Overloaded Physicians
Passages California
Passages Center
Passages Malibu Book
Passages Malibu Center
Passages Malibu Cure
Passages Malibu Health
Passages Malibu Help
Passages Malibu Holistic
Passages Malibu Program
Passages Malibu Rehab
Passages Malibu Treatment
Passages Remedy
Passages Ventura
Passages Ventura California
Passages Ventura Rehab
Patient Compliance
Patient-Physician Communication Rapport
Phototherapy Acne Treatment
Plastic Surgery Procedures
Prescription Drug Addiction
Principles of Effective Treatment
Problem Gambling
Project Management
Project Manager
Reconstructive Surgery Procedures
Residential Treatment Programs
Retinoids Topical Acne Treatment
Rules of procedure
Sales Promotion
Short Term Residential Treatment
Skin Treatment
Staying in Treatment
Steroid Abuse Treatment
Substance Abuse Treatment Center
Surface Contamination of Implants
Theatre auditions
Tissue Stretching
Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction
Treatment Gap
Treatment Types
Treatment within the Criminal Justice System
TV Producer
Vaginal Rejuvenation
Workplace Treatment Role
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